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Target Cell Types

Team Kanai
Liver Hepatocyte
Hepatic stem cell
Kupffer cell
Sinusoidal endothelial cell
Large intestine Absorptive epithelial cell of the ascending colon
Absorptive epithelial cell of the descending colon
Absorptive epithelial cell of the rectum
Stomach Surface epithelial cell
Mucous neck cell
Fundic gland
Kidney Proximal tubules
Distal tubules

Team Shirahige
Cardiovascular system
  Pulmonary artery endothelial cell (HPAEC)
  Iliac artery endothelial cell (HIAEC)
  Coronary artery endothelial cell (HCoAEC)
  Cardiac microvascular endothelial cell (HMVEC-C)
  Dermal microvascular endothelial cell (HDMEC)
  Dermal lymphatic microvascular endothelial cell (LMVC-Ad)
  Umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC)
  Aortic endothelial cell (HAoEC)
  Uterine microvascular endothelial cell (UtMVEC)
  Lung microvascular endothelial cell (HMVEC-L)
  Sural vein endothelial cell (HSVEC)
  Carotid artery endothelial cell (HCeAEC)
  Middle cerebral artery endothelial cell (HMCA)
  Superficial temporal artery endothelial cell (HSTA)
  Brachiocephalic artery endothelial cell (HBCA)
  Subclavian artery endothelial cell (HSCA)
  We will select more than 12 cells from above list.
  *Research Collaboration
Lifeline Cell Technology, KURABO INDUSTRIES LTD.

Lifeline Cell Technology KURABO INDUSTRIES LTD.
Team Shirahige collaborates with the above private companies for developing unique methods to obtain, reserve and transfer endothelial cells derived from healthy donors.

Team Sasaki
Placenta Cytotrophoblast (first trimester)
Cytotrophoblast (term)
Syncytiotrophoblast (first trimester)
Syncytiotrophoblast (term)
Extravillous trophoblast (first trimester)
Uterus Endometrial epitherial cell (follicular phase)
Endometrial epitherial cell (secretory phase)
Endometrial stroma cell

Team Kanai

Reference epigenome analysis in normal epithelial cells of human digestive and urinary system and development of analysis technology
Yae Kanai
Professor, Keio University School of Medicine
Deputy Director, National Cancer Center Research Institute

Yae Kanai

Overview

The aim of this study is to contribute to the International Human Epigenome Consortium (IHEC), which has been established to comprehensively characterize the standard epigenome profiles of multiple normal cell lineages from different human populations, as one of several Japanese member teams supported by the Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST) division of the Japan Science and Technology (JST) Agency. We are attempting to reveal the whole picture of mechanisms regulating gene expression, e.g. DNA methylation, chromatin modifications, and abundance of each RNA species, of normal epithelial cells of the digestive system, e.g. the stomach, colon and liver, and the urinary system, e.g. the kidney, from multiple Japanese people. Quality viable cells are purified from surgically resected materials from patients who provided written informed consent in National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo (Figure 1). In addition, we are developing and improving innovative technologies, e.g. the post-bisulfite adaptor-tagging (PBAT) method for whole-genome bisulfite sequencing. Reference epigenome database by IHEC will promote the innovation of diagnosis and therapy of human diseases through the efficient identification of disease-specific epigenome profiles.

Figure 1 Surgically resected materials
Figure 1 Surgically resected materials

Figure 2
Figure 2 Purification of hepatocytes from partial hepatectomy specimens

Figure 3 Originally developed browsing system
Figure 3 Purification of epithelial cells from partial colectomy specimens

Figure 4 Originally developed browsing systemFigure 4 Originally developed browsing system

Members

Project Team Leader

  • Yae Kanai
    Deputy Director, Chief, Division of Molecular Pathology, National Cancer Center Research Institute

Project Group leaders

  • Tatsuhiro Shibata
    Chief, Division of Cancer Genomics, National Cancer Center Research Institute
  • Takashi Ito
    Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
  • Yutaka Suzuki
    Associate Professor, Human Genome Center, The Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo

Team Shirahige

Development of genomic technologies to explore human epigenetic regulation
Katsuhiko Shirahige
Professor, University of Tokyo

Katsuhiko SHIRAHIGE

Overview

Our body consists of more than 250 cell types. While each cell has the same DNA sequence, protein modifications and their binding pattern(so called epigenetic information)defines the specificity of each cell type. The aim of this study is to develop the new standard method to analyze whole picture of epigenetic information and use the method to explore whole-genome epigenetic information of various endothelial cell species. Our ultimate goal is to contribute to the International Human Epigenome Consortium through both epigenomics data and technology development. These data and methods are expected to contribute to basic research and drug discovery as well.

FIg1

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Members

Project Team Leader

  • Katsuhiko Shirahige
    Professor, Laboratory of Genome Structure and Function, Research Center for Epigenetic Disease, University of Tokyo
    Director of Research Center for Epigenetic Disease

Project Group leaders

  • Youichiro Wada
    Professor, Systems Biology and Medicine, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology (RCAST), University of Tokyo
  • Hiroshi Kimura
    Associate Professor, Biomolecular Networks Laboratories Nuclear Dynamics Group, Graduate School of Frontier Biology, Osaka University
  • Toutai Mituyama
    Research Scientist, Computational Biology Research Center (CBRC), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tokyo

Team Sasaki

Epigenomic analysis of the human placenta and endometrium constituting the fetal-maternal interface
Hiroyuki Sasaki
Distinguished Professor and Director, Kyushu University

Hiroyuki Sasaki

Overview

This study aims to determine the reference epigenomes of the human placenta and endometrium, which constitute the fetal-maternal interface, for future use in studies of human diseases associated with reproduction and development. In the placenta, we focus on cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast cells (both at first trimester and at term) and, in the endometrium, we focus on epitherial cells (at the follicular and secretory phases) and stroma cells. To this end, we will develop and establish the technologies to isolate these cells and analyze the epigenomic modifications. We will further try to determine the epigenomes of disease samples, such as pregnancy-induced-hypertension placentae, hydatidiform moles, and endometriosis specimens, to search for disease-specific changes. We will also determine the methylomes of sperm from oligospermic patients for their use in the improvement of assisted reproductive technology.

Figure 1 Optimization of procedures for cell isolation from the placenta and endometrium
Figure 1 Optimization of procedures for cell isolation from the placenta and endometrium

Members

Project Team Leader

  • Hiroyuki Sasaki
    Professor, Division of Epigenomics and Development, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University
    Director of the Medical Institute of Bioregulation

Project Group leaders

  • Takahiro Arima
    Professor, Department of Development and Environmental Medicine, Tohoku University
  • Kenichiro Hata
    Director, Department of Maternal-Fetal Biology, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo
  • Mikita Suyama
    Professor, Division of Bioinformatics, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University